HOPE: Key component of recovery. It is said to include not just optimism but a sustainable belief in oneself and a willingness to persevere through uncertainty and setbacks.
EMPOWERMENT AND INCLUSION: Important factors for a person to recover include having self control. This can mean developing the confidence for independent assertive decision making and help-seeking. Achieving social inclusion may require support and may require challenging stigma and prejudice.
COPING STRATEGIES: This is a key part of recovery as there may be many set-backs along the road to recovery. Developing coping and problem solving skills to manage individual traits and problem issues (which may or may not be seen as symptoms of mental disorder) may require a person becoming their own expert, in order to identify key stress points and possible crisis points, and to understand and develop personal ways of responding and coping.
MEANINGFUL LIFE: Developing a sense of meaning and overall purpose is important for sustaining the recovery process. This may involve recovering or developing a social or work role.